Fitness and Figure are two distinct forms of competition, not just one. In a Fitness contest (the older of the two disciplines), female competitors showcase their physiques (which are noticeably less massive than bodybuilders’) while performing a demanding, time-limited, aerobic/dance routine.
In a Figure contest, the most important attributes are a curvaceous-yet-trim body, and facial beauty; however, the physique guidelines are similar to a Fitness pageant’s, and many contestants move back and forth between the two disciplines.
The Figure division emerged on the bodybuilding scene when the numbers for Fitness pageant competitions started to dwindle.
Typically, fitness and figure competitions are held as part of the larger-drawing bodybuilding contests.